With 852 victims from 17 different countries, the sinking of the Estonia was Europe's most severe passenger ferry disaster. The disaster had a major impact on ferry safety, leading to changes in safety regulations as well as in life-raft design,[18] much as the Titanic disaster did in 1912. [2][3] It is one of the deadliest peacetime sinkings of a European ship, after the RMS Titanic (1912) and the RMS Empress of Ireland (1914), and the deadliest peacetime shipwreck to have occurred in European waters, with 852 lives lost. Name needs to be fewer than 32 characters long, Comment needs to be fewer than 600 characters long, Teoste avaldamine sel lehel on kooskõlastatud EAÜ/NCB-ga. Hea lugeja, näeme et kasutate vanemat brauseri versiooni või vähelevinud brauserit. [20] The subsequent failure of the bow ramp allowed water into the vehicle deck, which was identified as the main cause of the capsizing and sinking:[19] RORO ferries with their wide vehicle decks are particularly vulnerable to capsizing if the car deck is even slightly flooded because of free surface effect: the fluid's swirling motion across such a large area hampers the boat's ability to right itself after rolling with a wave. The sinking of the Estonia has been the subject of a number of documentaries in addition to the feature film Baltic Storm, including: It was also mentioned in the Swedish film Force Majeure.[2]. Now, the victims have more reasons than ever to continue demanding answers from the governments of Sweden, Estonia and Finland, which during these years have been reluctant to continue investigating what happened. Passenger facilities were located on decks 6, 5, 4, 1, while the crew members occupied the decks 9 and 7. [5][6][8] Viking Sally was chartered to Rederi AB Slite to continue on her current traffic for the next three years.[5][6][8]. (Supplement No. In late 1987, Effoa and Johnson Line, the owners of Viking Line's main rivals Silja Line, bought Sally. The sinking of the MS Estonia was the largest maritime disaster to happen in the Baltic Seas during peacetime and the second-largest European maritime disaster in peacetime, with only the Titanic holding a higher death-toll. According to survivor accounts, the ship sank stern first after taking a list of 90 degrees. The Joint Accident Investigation Commission. On board were 1.054 passengers and crew. The accident claimed 852 lives. Estonia previously sailed as Viking Sally (1980–1990), Silja Star (1990–1991), and Wasa King (1991–1993).. Viking Line As MS Viking Sally. [JAIC 5] The bow visor and ramp had been torn off at points that would not trigger an "open" or "unlatched" warning on the bridge, as is the case in normal operation or failure of the latches. The Baltic is one of the world's busiest shipping areas, with 2,000 vessels at sea at any time, and these plans assumed the ship's own boats and nearby ferries would provide immediate help and that helicopters could be airborne after an hour. The nonprofit Memento Mare organised a memorial service at the site of the "Broken Line" memorial to the tragedy located near the Great Coastal Gate at the northern edge of Tallinn's Old Town. Rederi Ab Sally had been experiencing financial difficulties for most of the 1980s. [37] The treaty is, however, only binding for citizens of the countries that are signatories. On the 28th September 1994, MS Estonia was in the middle of its ... an investigation has been opened into the sinking of the vessel to final give answers to the families of the victims. [7] She was the largest ship to serve on that route at the time. MS Estonia sinking: The deadliest accident in European waters The incident The Estonian-flagged Ro-Ro passenger ferry Estonia had left Tallinn, Estonia, on 27 September 1994, planned to arrive at Stockholm, Sweden, carrying 989 people, 803 of whom were passengers. The MS Estonia was a car and passenger ferry that was sailing from Estonia to Sweden with 989 passengers and crew when bad weather and heavy seas caused it … Her name was changed to Wasa King and she served on routes connecting Vaasa, Finland to Umeå and Sundsvall in Sweden. This contributed to the rapid sinking. 13.6.2015 - Explore Mikko Ikonen's board "MS Estonia" on Pinterest. At least twice, the Swedish Navy has discovered diving operations at the wreck. ERR kasutab oma veebilehtedel http küpsiseid. On the night of September 27-28, 1994, the ferry MS Estonia, carrying 989 passengers between Tallinn and Stockholm, sank in the Baltic Sea, hit by hard weather and winds measuring 9 on the Beaufort scale, which caused enormous waves. She was carrying 989 people: 803 passengers and 186 crew. [JAIC 2] The commission estimated that up to 310 passengers reached the outer decks, 160 of whom boarded the life-rafts or lifeboats.[17]. Model of the ferry MS Estonia in the Estonian Maritime Museum. Find the perfect memorial victims sinking ms estonia stock photo. This scheme had worked for the relatively small number of accidents involving sinkings, particularly as most ships have few people on board.[16]. When Sally took over the construction contract, the ship was lengthened from the original length of approximately 137 metres (449 ft) to approximately 155 metres (509 ft) and the superstructure of the ship was largely redesigned. [2] By the time the rescue helicopters arrived, around a third of those who escaped from the Estonia had died of hypothermia, while fewer than half of those who had managed to leave the ship were eventually rescued. MS Isabella saved 16 survivors with its rescue slide. New evidence emerges in Europe’s worst peacetime maritime disaster - the sinking of MS Estonia in 1994 The passenger ferry MS Estonia in the docks in Tallinn. See more ideas about viro, kuorma-auto, lomakohteet. A preliminary examination report has said that newly discovered damage was too small to have sunk the MS Estonia, which killed 852 people in 1994. Candles are seen next to the names of victims during a ceremony to mark the 25th anniversary of a maritime disaster when MS Estonia, carrying 803 … The ship immediately took on a heavy starboard list (initially around 15 degrees, but by 01:30, the ship had rolled 60 degrees and by 01:50 the list was 90 degrees) as water flooded into the vehicle deck. The ferry MS Estonia sank in the early hours of 28 September 1994 while en route from Tallinn to Stockholm. Former prime minister Mart Laar said a new investigation into the circumstances of the MS Estonia's demise should certainly get underway following footage aired in a documentary this week which showed a gaping hole in the wreck's hull, but added baseless speculation should be avoided. All EPIRBs were subsequently required to deploy automatically and the accident was "instrumental in the move to legislate Voyage Data Recorders". The Government of the Republic of Estonia . Diver enters cabin 6129 on deck 6 through window, then exploring corridor and reporting that "bits of flesh (from decaying victims) are floating around". The Discovery Channel that will air a new five-part documentary series on the MS Estonia shipwreck in the Nordic region on Monday promises that “a find that will change everything” will be revealed. (Chapter 3.2.7 – Bridge layout)", "Chapter 13.4 – Advance indications and alarms from the bow area", Investigation report on the capsizing on 28 September 1994 in the Baltic Sea of the Ro-Ro Passenger Vessel MV Estonia. Hailed as a hero after the disaster in 1994, Barney now wants to know the truth about a connection between Britain’s spies, Cold War missile secrets and the capsizing of the MS Estonia. Boesten, E. (2006): The M/S Estonia Disaster and the Treatment of Human Remains. In total, 94 bodies were recovered: 93 within 33 days of the accident, the last victim was found 18 months later. The MS Estonia ferry sank as it was crossing from Tallinn to Stockholm in September 1994, killing 852 people. A survivor's story from MS Estonia. Estonia sank overnight in the Baltic Sea back in 1994 killing 852 people on board; It was the second deadliest peacetime sinking of a European ship since Titanic Wilson, Drew (2006), "The Hole: Another look at the sinking of the Estonia Ferry on September 28th 1994". Below are listed the names of 857 people who were dead or missing as a result of the sinking of the Estonia. The Finnish Disaster Victim Identification (DVI) team identified all 93 victims recovered from the sea within 33 days of the accident as well as victim number 94 found 18 months later. [33][34] News Sweden aims to allow probe into deadly 1994 Estonia ferry disaster. Hailed as a hero after the disaster in 1994, Barney now wants to know the truth about a connection between Britain’s spies, Cold War missile secrets and the capsizing of the MS Estonia. This prompted the Estonian prime minister and foreign minister to meet with their Swedish and Finnish equivalents and announce that a "new technical investigation" would take place. The official report says that while the exact speed at the time of the accident is not known, Estonia had very regular voyage times, averaging 16 to 17 knots (30 to 31 km/h; 18 to 20 mph). Final report on the MV ESTONIA disaster of . [13] At about 01:15, the visor separated and the ship's bow door opened. The first sign of trouble aboard Estonia was when a metallic bang was heard, caused by a heavy wave hitting the bow doors around 01:00, when the ship was on the outskirts of the Turku archipelago, but an inspection—limited to checking the indicator lights for the ramp and visor—showed no problems. The ship was intended for use on a ferry line between Norway and Germany, but the order was withdrawn at the last minute for unknown reasons and the contract was given to Rederi Ab Sally, a Finnish shipping company that was part of the Viking Line consortium. Essential FAQs answered. At the last moment, the company withdrew their order and the contract went to Rederi Ab Sally, one of the partners in the Viking Line consortium (SF Line, another partner in Viking Line, had also been interested in the ship). The civil passenger ferry between Tallinn (Estonia) and Stockholm (Sweden) was blown up in the middle of the Baltic Sea on 28th September 1994. FILE PHOTO: Candles are seen next to the names of victims during a ceremony to mark the 25th anniversary of a maritime disaster when MS Estonia, carrying 803 … Mariella, the first of five ferries to reach the scene of the accident, arrived at 02:12. Of the people on board the vessel, 137 were saved and 852 died. Most of the passengers were Swedish, although some were of Estonian origin, while most of the crew members … Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. [27], In the autumn of 2004, a former Swedish customs officer claimed on Sveriges Television that Estonia had been used to transport military equipment in September 1994. The actual ownership of the ship was rather complex, in order for Nordström & Thulin to get a loan to buy the ship. A 1997 investigation found that … [32], In the aftermath of the disaster, many relatives of the deceased demanded that their loved ones be raised from international waters and given a land burial. It was a stormy night. The wreck was examined and videotaped by remotely operated underwater vehicles and by divers from a Norwegian company, Rockwater A/S, contracted for the investigation work. Report to the Chancellor of Justice in Sweden, 12 September 2006, "1994: Hundreds feared dead in ferry disaster", "Chronological narrative of the sinking by City Paper", Estonian/Finnish/Swedish Accident Investigation Commission (JAIC) Final Report, YouTube: Complete radio conversations (audio), YouTube: MS Estonia - discovering the hole, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in 1994, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=MS_Estonia&oldid=1002295052, Articles with dead external links from October 2010, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from October 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from September 2017, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Lamento, for organ ("Lament over the Estonia Catastrophe") by, Johnson, Kent L. & Smith, Kenneth M.Jr. [34] The Estonia Agreement 1995, a treaty among Sweden, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Poland, Denmark, Russia and the United Kingdom, declared sanctity over the site, prohibiting their citizens from even approaching the wreck. Friday marks the 24th anniversary of the sinking of the MS Estonia in the Baltic Sea, which still remains the deadliest peacetime shipwreck to have occurred in European waters. She was, at the time, Estonia's largest ship and operated on the Tallinn-Stockholm route. Final report on the MV ESTONIA disaster of . The vessel was carrying 989 passengers and crew, 852 of whom died. [2] The survivors of the shipwreck were mostly young males with strong constitutions. The Case Estonia – A journalist searching for the truth. MS Estonia disappeared from the radar screens of other ships at around 01:50 AM EEST in international waters, about 22 nautical miles (41 kilometres) from the Finnish island of Utö. Swedish journalist Lars Borgnäs, who has investigated the MS Estonia shipwreck, says that Estonia should take the lead role in investigating the disaster, adding that the investigation should be transparent, independent, international and comprehensive. Mariella winched open liferafts into the sea onto which 13 people on Estonia's rafts successfully transferred, and reported the location of other rafts to Swedish and Finnish rescue helicopters, the first of which arrived at 03:05. The Finnish Disaster Victim Identification (DVI) team identified all 93 victims recovered from the sea within 33 days of the [5], Originally the ship was conceived as a sister ship to Diana II, built in 1979 by the same shipyard for Rederi AB Slite, the third partner in Viking Line. MS Estonia. [15] Tammes was able to provide some details about their situation but, due to a loss of power, he could not give their position, which delayed rescue operations somewhat. On the night of September 27-28, 1994, the ferry MS Estonia, carrying 989 passengers between Tallinn and Stockholm, sank in the Baltic Sea, hit by hard weather and winds measuring 9 on the Beaufort scale, which caused enormous waves. Estonia was originally ordered from a Norwegian shipping company called Meyer Werft. On a cold night in september 1994 the "MS Estonia" a 20.300 ton passenger vessel left the port of Tallinn enroute for Stockholm. The following spring Silja Star began her service with Wasa Line, another company owned by EffJohn. [2] Ships rescued 34 and helicopters 104; the ferries played a much smaller part than the planners had intended because it was too dangerous to launch their man-overboard (MOB) boats or lifeboats. Two decades on from the catastrophic sinking of the MS Estonia, which claimed the lives of 501 Swedes, the nation has paid tribute to the victims amid calls for a fresh inquiry into the tragedy. A mayday call was released shortly after midnight, but when the rescue mission commenced, it was only possible to save 137 lives. When her charter ended in April 1990, Viking Sally had an unusual change of service. A Swedish filmmaker has revealed that he is looking forward to giving evidence next month after being arrested for filming the wreckage of doomed ferry MS Estonia… With 852 victims from 17 different countries, the sinking of the Estonia was Europe’s most severe passenger ferry disaster. 15 December 2020 – On 14 December, the Secretary of State Taimar Peterkop met with representatives of Estonian organisations that represent the relatives of victims of the MS Estonia disaster. [13] Estonia was turned to port and slowed before her four engines cut out completely.[13]. (ed. [8] As a result of this, SF Line and Rederi AB Slite forced Sally to withdraw from Viking Line. 'Estonia is the most successful state in central Europe,' declared President Meri, in an interview with the Independent on Sunday at his brick and stone mansion outside Tallinn on Friday night. [5] Shortly after the incident, Stefan Torssell was hired at the Swedish Maritime Administration and met the victims families and … The vessel was carrying 989 passengers and crew, 852 of whom died. Plans of the decks 0 to 5, as the tank deck. A car and passenger ferry, MS Estonia, has sunk in the Baltic Sea with 950 people on board. On board were 989 people, 137 of whom were rescued while 852 perished. [5][6] It has been reported that the Wasa King was widely considered to be the best behaving ship in rough weather to have sailed from Vaasa. Seven over 55 years of age survived and there were no survivors under age 12. Most died by drowning and hypothermia, as the water temperature was 10–11 °C/50–52 °F. A mayday call was released shortly after midnight, but when the rescue mission commenced, it was only possible to save 137 lives. Bodies of victims of the disaster were transferred to land in 1994. She was built in 1980 as the Viking Sally for Viking Line. MS Estonia sinking: One of the deadliest accidents in European waters. [JAIC 7] The bow visor was under-designed, as manufacturing and approval process did not consider the visor and its attachments as critical items regarding ship safety. At about 01:20, a quiet female voice called "Häire, häire, laeval on häire", Estonian for "Alarm, alarm, there is alarm on the ship", over the public address system, which was followed immediately by an internal alarm for the crew, then one minute later by the general lifeboat alarm. 15 December 2020 – On 14 December, the Secretary of State Taimar Peterkop met with representatives of Estonian organisations that represent the relatives of victims of the MS Estonia disaster. Some minutes later, power returned (or somebody on the bridge managed to lower himself to the starboard side of the bridge to check the marine GPS, which will display the ship's position even in blackout conditions), and the Estonia was able to radio its position to Silja Europa and Mariella. On September 28, 1994, 852 people die in one of the worst maritime disasters of the century when the Estonia, a large car-and-passenger ferry, sinks in the Photo: ... Estonia and Sweden. Estonia departed slightly behind schedule at 19:15 on 27 September and had been expected in Stockholm the next morning at about 09:00. [7] [28] The Swedish and Estonian governments subsequently launched separate investigations, which both confirmed that non-explosive military equipment was aboard the ship on 14 and 20 September 1994. New York: ASJA Press. The ferry sank to the depth of 74 to 85 metres (243 to 279 ft) of water. ... "The fundamental idea with this agreement is to protect the M/S Estonia, as a final place of rest for victims of the disaster, from any disturbing activities," the statement adds. [19] The first metallic bang was believed to have been the sound of the visor's lower locking mechanism failing, and subsequent noises were the visor 'flapping' against the hull as the other locks failed, before tearing free and exposing the bow ramp. The meeting was also attended by Erki Kodar, Undersecretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and Jens Haug, Director of the Estonian Safety Investigation Bureau. Only 94 bodies were recovered of the 852 who lost their lives. As with many ships, Viking Sally suffered some mishaps during her Viking Line service, being grounded in the Åland Archipelago in May 1984 and suffering some propeller problems in April of the following year. The ferry Estonia with 989 people on board sank in a storm while en route from Tallinn to Stockholm on the night of Sept. 28, 1994. MS Estonia‘s sinking simulation. The bodies of only 95 of the victims were recovered. [29][30], On 28 September 2020 a Swedish documentary was released which used underwater equipment to film the wreck. In 1993, the new ferry company Estline bought the Viking Sally and renamed her Estonia, after the European country. Victims demanding answers. The Swedish government said on 18 December it would allow a new underwater examination of MS Estonia; the ferry sank in the Baltic sea in 1994 with the loss of 852 lives. She was carrying 989 people: 803 passengers and 186 crew. According to the final disaster report, the weather was rough, with a wind of 15 to 20 metres per second (29 to 39 kn; 34 to 45 mph), force 7–8 on the Beaufort scale and a significant wave height of 4 to 6 metres (13 to 20 ft)[JAIC 3] compared with the highest measured significant wave height in the Baltic Sea of 7.7 metres (25.3 ft). Q&A: Estonia's government has resigned – what happens next? Only registered users can comment this article! [JAIC 4] The official report indicated that the locks on the bow door had failed from the strain of the waves and the door had separated from the rest of the vessel, pulling the ramp behind it ajar. Sweden’s government decision follows the screening of a new footage that revealed a wide hole in the ferry’s hull, on the starboard side. On 29 June 1980, Viking Sally was delivered to Rederi Ab Sally, Finland and was put into service on the route between Turku, Mariehamn and Stockholm[5][6] (during summer 1982 on the Naantali–Mariehamn–Kapellskär route). The windows gave way to the powerful waves as the ship listed and the sea reached the upper decks. [2] MRCC Turku failed to acknowledge the Mayday immediately and Mariella's report was relayed by Helsinki Radio as the less urgent pan-pan message. [5], Meyer Werft had constructed a large number of ships for various Viking Line partner companies during the 1970s. + ms estonia victims 11 Jan 2021 Wrist arthritis occurs when the normally smooth cartilage surfaces of the wrist joints are worn away and uneven bony surfaces are exposed. Estonia directed a call to Silja Europa and only after making contact with her did the radio operator utter the word "Mayday". [JAIC 8], In 1999, special training requirements in crowd and crisis management and human behaviour were extended to crew on all passenger ships, and amendments were made to watch-keeping standards. Of the 989 on board, 138 were rescued, one of whom died later in hospital. Around 12 AM, many passengers heard terrible noises from the cargo deck. The investigative committee concluded that the shipwreck was caused by the ferry’s bow visor suffering storm damage that caused the hull to take on water. She was painted in Silja Line's colours, renamed Silja Star and placed on the same route that she had plied for Viking Line: Turku–Mariehamn–Stockholm. In January 1993, at the same time when EffJohn decided to merge Wasa Line's operations into Silja Line, Wasa King was sold to Nordström & Thulin for use on Estline's Tallinn–Stockholm traffic under the name Estonia. Also, in 1994, an M/S Estonia ferry sunk, 94 victims were recovered and 60% could be identified by comparing antemortem and post-mortem dental data 36. This page was last edited on 23 January 2021, at 19:19. Had they been activated automatically, it would have been immediately obvious that the ship was in distress and the location would have been clear. On this date 25 years ago, the passenger ferry MS Estonia went down in international waters off the island of Utö in the Turku archipelago, killing 852 passengers and crew. The head of the Estonian investigation stated publicly that he believes this new information points to a collision with a submarine and that the hole could not have happened post-sinking. Estonia victims list. The MS Estonia consisted of 11 decks, counting from the lowest (0) to the highest (10). After the Estonia sank in a storm off Finland, investigators said that a bow door had been bashed in by heavy seas. All scheduled passenger ferries were at sea. Liskeard: Exposure. ): CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, List of accidents and disasters by death toll, "Estonia shipwreck investigator and nautical linguist Captain Uno Laur dies", "Simplon Postcards: Viking Sally – Wasa King – Silja Star – Estonia", "Final report on the MV ESTONIA disaster of 28 September 1994", "Estonia final report. Although Nordström & Thulin was the company which bought the ship, her registered owner was Estline Marine Co Ltd, Nicosia, Cyprus, which chartered the ship to E.Liini A/S, Tallinn, Estonia (daughter company of Nordström & Thulin and ESCO), which in turn chartered the ship to Estline AB. Limburg, Peter R. (2005), "Deep-Sea Detectives: Maritime Mysteries and Forensic Science". The Government of the Republic of Estonia . Pursuant to an agreement concluded between Estonia, Finland and Sweden a "Joint Accident Investigation Commission" for the investigation of the capsizing of the passenger vessel MV ESTONIA on 28 September 1994 was set up on 29 September 1994, in … Cooperating with colleague Inge Pitsner, Einar Ellermaa has come out with «People of Estonia», a book looking back to Baltic Sea’s severest shipwreck in times of peace 20 years ago, and recounting the stories of those that were saved – as well as the pain of people who lost loved ones. On 29 June 1980, Viking Sally was delivered to Rederi Ab Sally, Finland and was put into service on the route between Turku, Mariehamn and Stockholm [5] [6] (during summer 1982 on the Naantali–Mariehamn–Kapellskär route). With 852 victims from 17 different countries, the sinking of the Estonia was Europe’s most severe passenger ferry disaster. Estonia's victims to rest at sea 'I took her hand and then we jumped' An official report into the incident in 1997 concluded that the disaster was caused by a problem with the bow door locking system. After that, the voice of third mate Andres Tammes took over on Estonia and the conversation shifted to Finnish. Download the ERR News app for Android and iOS now and never miss an update! No need to register, buy now! SOLAS 90, which came into effect in 2010, specifies existing passenger ships' stability requirements and those in North West Europe must also be able to survive 50 centimetres (20 in) of water on the car deck. The Finnish Disaster Victim Identification (DVI) team identified all 93 victims recovered from the sea within 33 days of the The sinking of the MS Estonia passenger ferry in the early hours of Sept. 28, 1994, under mysterious circumstances in the Baltic Sea, is the worst peacetime maritime disaster in European waters. 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